טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentSegalis Ehud
SubjectEmission of Gravitational Radiation from Ultrarelativistic
Sources
DepartmentDepartment of Physics
Supervisors Professor Ari Laor
Professor Emeritus Arnon Dar


Abstract

Recent observations suggest that blobs of matter are ejected with ultrarelativistic speeds in various astrophysical phenomena such as supernova explosions, quasars and microquasars. In this study we analyze the gravitational radiation emitted when such an ultrarelativistic blob is ejected from a massive object.

We express the gravitational wave by the metric perturbation in the transverse-traceless gauge, and calculate its amplitude and angular dependence. We find that in the ultrarelativistic limit the gravitational wave has a wide angular distribution like  1-cos(Ø).  The typical burst’s frequency is Doppler shifted, with the blue-shift factor being strongly beamed in the forward direction. As a consequence, the energy-flux carried by the gravitational radiation is beamed. We compare these results to the electromagnetic and scalar radiation emitted by equivalent sources and find a compact formula for the three cases.

In the second part of this research we estimate the anticipated detection rate of such bursts by a gravitational-wave detector, for blobs ejected in supernova explosions. Dar and De Rujula recently proposed that ultrarelativistic blobs ejected from the central core in supernova explosions constitute the source of gamma-ray bursts. Substituting the most likely values of the parameters as suggested by their model, we obtain an estimated detection rate of about 1 per year by the advanced LIGO-II detector.