|M.Sc Student||Yanay Rachela|
|Subject||The Role of the National Institutions of Planning in the|
Israeli-Arab Sector: a Case Study of Wadi Ara
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Hubert Law-Yone|
The structure of the system for land use planning in Israel is complex because it is made up of several bodies acting simultaneously. The complexity of the structure of system is founded on the webs of extraneous non-governmental bodies - among them the Jewish national institutions - the Jewish Agency and the Jewish National Fund for Israel. These institutions influence the regional activities in the country, which in turn impact the entire population of the country. This structure can constitute a problem for planning in the Arab sector.
This paper studies the duties of the national institutions both in the statutory-regulatory system, as well as in their roles as developers.
The first part of the paper includes: a definition of the national institutions and an understanding of their place in the Israeli planning system.
The second part of this study analyzes the duties of the national institutions have undergone and their place in the Israeli planning system as they were defined at the outset of the selected case study of the Wadi Ara region (an area characterized by a high concentration of Arab citizens).
It was found that the Jewish national institutions have an important role in the Israel land planning system. A trend of change in the attitude regarding planning in the region specifically and planning for the Arab-Israeli sector generally is noted. However this trend is clearer in the regulatory bodies than in the development bodies. This is not to say that the cooperation between the national institutions and the governmental bodies is on the decline, the cooperation continues and the Jewish Agency principally, apparently is suiting its activities to those of the governmental agencies and to their view of planning in this sector.
From the study’s finding it is clear that the time has come to separate the powerful bodies from the Israeli planning system. Abrogating the Law for National Institutions and the Jewish National Fund Law that emphasize the physical planning duties of these institutions can carry out this transformation.