|M.Sc Student||Maya Ashkenazi|
|Subject||Urban Sprawl in Israel: Empirical Study of the Urban|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Professor Emeritus Frenkel Amnon|
|Professor Emeritus Shefer Daniel|
Urban sprawl has become an issue of worldwide interest, mainly because of its alleged negative impacts on the built-up and open environment. The purpose of this research is to measure and analyze urban sprawl in Israel during the last two decades from a landscape perspective. Urban land-use survey was performed in 78 Jewish urban settlements over the course of 15 years. Thirteen measures of sprawl were calculated at each settlement and then weighted into one integrated sprawl index through factor analysis. Multiple regression models were employed to analyze the relation between sprawl indices and spatial and socio-economical variables. The results of this study show that urban sprawl is a multidimensional phenomenon that is better quantified by various measures, and therefore cannot be quantified by only density or growth rates, as often is done in many urban studies. Most urban settlements in Israel have become less sprawling during the past two decades. However, some settlements, especially quasi-rural ones, were found more sprawling than others. We also found, that higher sprawl rates are correlated with higher population and land consumption growth rates, middle and upper-class population and increasing rates of car-owning and commuting. These findings imply higher consumer preferences to reside in more sprawling patterns, as well as various possible impacts of different patterns of sprawl on society. Concomitantly, we expect sprawl rates in Israel to increase due to the continuation of quality of life increase.