|M.Sc Student||Dorit Bar-Yair|
|Subject||Gender as a Moderating Factor in the Development of Disaster|
|Department||Department of Industrial Engineering and Management||Supervisor||Professor Kirschenbaum Alan|
Recently a new field of research focusing on “disaster management” has developed, claiming that while disasters are unpredictable it’s possible to be prepared for them. According to this doctrine mitigation and prepardness are the key actions to reduce deaths and damage along with post-disaster coping. The object of the research was to define and examine the term “risk perception” and assessing if differences existed between men and women in their perception of risk. My working assumption was that gender operates as a moderating factor (or a moderator) between the potential independent explanatory variables and the dependent variable - risk perception.
The data source was obtained from a national random representive sample survey of households of the adult, urban Israeli population, in areas inhabited with 10,000 residents or more. The sample contained 814 households.
The findings of the research supported the main assumption and showed that there is a difference between men and women in the way they percieve risks. Although we’ve examined the same groups of independent variables and their effect on the same factors of risk perception we’ve noticed an obvious difference which was moderated by gender. Moreover, we found that there were different explanatory variables for each group. Social networks variables affected women in contrast to socio-demographic background variables for men in how they percived of disaster risks. The implications of these different perceptions of risk should be employed in developing disater policy.