טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentShalev Lea
SubjectThe Integration of Foreign Migrant Workers in the Social
Space: The Case Study of Tel Aviv-Jaffa
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Izhak Schnell


Abstract

This thesis examines the phenomenon of foreign migrant workers in the city of Tel Aviv-Jaffa from the perspective of urban planning. The research is based on the assumption that the proper integration of this new and foreign population into the city life requires special planning attention. As a follow-on to this assumption, this thesis examined the structure of the everyday life space in which the migrant workers perform their daily life. Two indices were used for the purpose of this research: 1. An index to examine migrant workers' spatial and social segregation in their daily life spaces as individuals. 2. An index to determine the influence of social networks on migrant workers' economic success of the migrant workers. The calculation of the indices followed by interviews with 196 migrant workers from the African and South American communities in two south Tel Aviv neighborhoods. The results emphasize the fact that the activities of both groups are performed within mixed spatial reaches while they maintain segregated social contact. Nevertheless, African workers tend to segregate more than South Americans on both social and spatial dimensions. This results lead to a conclusion that the urban planning policy needs to recognize that migrant workers do not comprise a single entity . Furthermore, The research has found that open network to Israelis did not contribute to economic mobility. However, there is a positive connection between close relations with Israelis and perceived economic situation. A planning policy, therefore, do not need to focus on desegregation policy but yet need to establish a means of opening contact networks with Israelis, and improve the life conditions of migrant workers in the neighborhood they live whether they are segregated or not.