|M.Sc Student||Katz Barak|
|Subject||Building an Airport on an Artificial Island in Tel-Aviv|
Metropolitan Area - Environmental Considerations
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Mr. Shmuel Burmil|
|Professor Michael Burt|
The issue of airports on artificial islands came up in Israel in recent years due to the increase in the size and density of the population, shortage in available land in populated areas, and increase in air transportation. Advantages and disadvantages of a conventional airport compared with those of one on an artificial island are reviewed. So far two major issues were discussed in Israel in connection to an airport on an artificial island: 1) the impact of artificial islands on marine currents and on the sand they carry along the shore; 2) availability of fill materials for the construction of the island. The research here presents and discuss' a wide range of environmental considerations that should be included in the process of constructing an artificial island with an airport. Part of the discussion is an international survey of airports constructed on artificial islands and the related environmental consequences. The environmental consequences of alternative methods for constructing artificial islands are discussed. Based on literature review, study of specific local conditions and interviews with relevant experts, a case study of building an airport on an artificial island in the metropolitan area of Tel Aviv is presented and discussed. A model for incorporating the environmental considerations in the planning process is developed.