|M.Sc Student||Shoham Oren|
|Subject||The Relationship between Industry Cultural Characteristics|
and Industries growth and Change (Using the
GLOBE Data Base)
|Department||Department of Industrial Engineering and Management||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Miriam Erez|
The research project is based on the GLOBE - Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research - a multi stage, multi national long term basis research project that has gathered a large number of researchers in order to develop methodical knowledge as for the connection between Societal culture, organizational culture and their respective leaderships.
The Globe project focuses on two cultural analysis levels - the levels of the society and the organization and on two forms of expression of culture - the As Is Culture that expresses the customs and practices of the organization and the Should Be Culture that expresses the values of the organization. Moreover, the projects distinguishes between the various cultures according to 9 dimensions.
The present research studies the link between industrial culture, designed by means of three basic assumptions - competition, customers and society expectations- and the pace of change and growth in industries.
We assumed that in an industry with a rapid pace of change and growth, the cultural dimensions supporting change and innovation will be high and the gaps between the As Is and the Should be states would be significant expressing the capacity of the industry to learn to adapt to environment. On the other hand, we assumed that in a stable industry with a slow pace of change and growth, the situation would be different and the gaps would be small showing the “insensitivity” of the industry to read and adapt to environment.
The findings tend to support the research assumptions. A) We located culture dimensions that distinguish between industries slow and high paced changes. Industries with high paced change are characterized by low As Is culture dimensions: uncertainty avoidance, collectivism and future orientation, as well as high values in the power distance As Is dimension. B) Large gaps between As Is and Should Be states show the willingness for change, and are linked to the pace of change in industries. Large gaps in the values of Power distance, collectivism 2, future orientation and performance orientation. This characterizes industries with high paced change.