|M.Sc Student||Mor Keren|
|Subject||Planning for Families Headed by Wwomen|
A Study of the Housing Conditions of Families
Headed by Women in Israel
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Mr. Gustavo Mesch|
The industrial revolution and the new technology, which resulted from it, changed the make-up and the characteristics of the patriarchal family and new alternative families evolved. One type is the single-parent family where only one parent, usually a women, is fully responsible for running the household and bringing up the children without a permanent partner.
In Israel, according to the National Insurance Agency, 11.4% of the families with children are single parent. This research examined whether there are differences within female-headed families on their living conditions, socio-economic, education and working status. Data was gathered through interviews with leading people in government offices and public and private bodies dealing with such families and a secondary analysis of the geographic segment of the 1995 Housing and Population Census. The sample consists of 7907 divorced, widowed and unmarried Jewish women between the ages of 18-64, which gave birth to children and are living in the center and north areas of the country.
Conclusions drawn from this research shows that the families headed by women are not homogenous especially in regards to living conditions and standards of living. The differences between the groups are the result of age and reasons for which they became single-parent families. According to the research, widows are more financially stable with a better standard of living and the divorced are the worst off.
The social and planning recommendations of the work are that help is needed not only in planning but mainly in the economic, social, employment and cultural areas and that the difference between the 3 groups has to be recognized by giving individual help in housing accommodation, children education, culture, allowances and social support.