טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentCory Joseph
SubjectFigurative Buildings in 20th Century Architecture:
Dimensions and Characteristics
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Ms. Rachel Sebba
Architect Bilu Blich


Abstract

The research deals with the phenomenon of Figurative Buildings in architecture - a phenomenon which is expressed in the design of buildings having the outer appearance suggestive of a familiar object. The research study built a collection of about 500 figurative examples documented in architectural literature, and gathered the critiques relating to them.

The aim of the research was to assemble all of the aforementioned examples, to organize them according to relevant categories and to improve the understanding of this steadily growing phenomenon. The research found that the figurative phenomenon, in general, pertains to three groups of creators: architects, artists and non-professionals. The research findings show that there is an impressive rise in the amount of figurative projects documented in literature in the last twenty years, the main reason being the growing involvement of known architects in their design and buildings. The analysis of buildings designed by architects, according to architectural determinants, negates the decisive position of the criticism, which claims that figurative architecture is predetermined and does not fully make use of the design process and / or the potential of the site.

Based on an analysis of the surroundings and spatial characteristics in architectural creations, and on the investigation of the working methods of individual architects, the study presents a thesis which determines that figurativity offers a reservoir of spatial forms which enriches the creator’s world of imagery. The simple and immediate use of figurativity lends it accessibility and the ability to supply immediate feedback about the spatial planning and design processes in certain stages of the design.