טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentSigalit Stahy
SubjectMunicipal Boundaries Determination and Modification -
Conflicts and Alternative Means to Mitigate them
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Ms. Vraneski Ariela


Abstract

Conflicts linked to jurisdiction boundaries are very frequent.  Often these reveal destructive characteristics.  This research investigates the applicability of alternative approaches that may prevent or moderate these conflicts. Research methods included interviews among professionals in the field as well as studies of five cases. Two of these cases were studied in-depth.


We found that investigative committees, the existing procedure of dealing with boundary conflicts, resembles arbitration and does not include the inherent potential in integrative solutions that combine the interests of all the involved parties.  Also, there is a lack of a national policy for the design of a map of local administration and no clear prioritization between planning procedures and the procedure for municipal boundary modification.


The findings reveal that in cases in which the sides negotiated their demands with each other conflicts were resolved faster, their solutions satisfied the needs of the parties, and relationships between these parties were improved, while other cases brought forth destructive outcomes.  Our study reveals also that the goals behind many requests for boundaries modification may be met by identification of common interests and fostering of partnering agreements between jurisdictions within existing configurations.


We recommend the creation of an assisting body or mechanism which will incorporate integrative methods for conflict management into the existing procedure.  It is recommended that the investigative committees consult with the official planning bodies. Skills in conflict mediation and facilitation should be among the qualifications of committee members.  A national policy document, outlining principles for the modification of municipal boundaries, may help promote agreements and reduce the number of requests for boundary modification.