|M.Sc Student||Amoyal Einat|
|Subject||The Relationship between the Neighborhood Council and the|
Urban Planning Processes - Csae Studies: Jerusalem
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Rachel Kallus|
The neighborhood council represents the meeting point between municipal authority interests and those of the public. To a large extent, the neighborhood council reflects the encounter between “bottom up” forces and “top down” forces as well as the planning system’s way of coping with this encounter.
This research examines the link between the neighborhood councils and the urban planning processes and it focuses on two study analyses in the cities in which various models of neighborhood councils will be implemented: Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. The uniqueness of this research stems from the fact that it examines the neighborhood councils from the point of view of urban planning, in an attempt to probe the neighborhood council’s potential for planning on the neighborhood level. This research focuses on Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, with the aim of comparing the neighborhood councils’ activity with their ability to cope with very complex planning issues in two cities with a distinct organizational structure within the urban planning system.
The two study analyses of neighborhood councils in Jerusalem and in Tel Aviv clearly revealed the conclusion whereby different planning and social circumstances, different establishment settings and a different organizational structure of the urban planning systems had an impact on the creation of various models of neighborhood councils in the two cities. Moreover, the two models are distinct from one another not only in their organizational method, but also in the nature of their planning activity and their interaction with the urban planning system.
Some of the conclusions on a general level indicated that the neighborhood council project in both cities exposed and reinforced the neighborhood dimension within the scope of the overall urban planning. Moreover, the neighborhood council project enhanced the familiarity with neighborhood planning as a separate field of activity, which requires the integration of knowledge from various disciplines.