טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentIdit Fattal
SubjectDemand Characteristics For a Feeder to the Carmelit, by
Paratransit Service
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Plaut Pnina
Professor Emeritus Shefer Daniel


Abstract

Paratransit is a public transportation service that covers the spectrum between conventional public transportation and the private car.

This study examines commuters' willingness to use a paratransit service as a feeder to Haifa’s Carmelit underground, connecting Mount Carmel with downtown Haifa; and the desired characteristics of the integrated transit service, combining Carmelit and paratransit as a feeder service.

The study uses a Stated Preference (SP) questionnaire with two groups of travellers: a) present commuters living on Mt. Carmel and working in downtown Haifa's government district, and b) a control group of potential commuters, living and working throughout the City.  Both groups were asked to state their willingness to use the integrated service and to define their preferences regarding a hypothetical integrated transit trip to downtown Haifa. 

The study finds that willingness to use the new integrated service is 52% among present commuters, but significantly higher (83%) among the potential commuters.  This difference may be attributed, in part, to differences in perception of parking prices in downtown: Government employees included their current practice, which largely involves free parking, while the control group was told to assume incidence of parking fees.

The study finds positive correlation between willingness to use the proposed service and the commuters' present travel mode and socio-economic characteristics.  The willingness to use the new service is higher among those who presently use public transportation.

The study finds significant correlation between commuters' level of income and their choice of paratransit level-of-service: Those with lower income and value of time were willing to compromise over travel time, the nature of the paratransit collection and the collection locations.