|M.Sc Student||Ruth Schwartz|
|Subject||Criteria for Evaluating Sustainable Tourism Development|
on the Israeli Coast
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Full Professor Amir Shaul|
|Mr. Burmil Shmuel|
In the last few decades, the Israeli Mediterranean coastal zone has been subjected to increasing development demands, largely for tourism and recreation, and as a result of development, to various environmental problems. Despite the above, there is a lack of sufficient criteria for evaluating impacts of tourism development on the coast within the framework of an Environmental Impact Statement.
In light of the above, the research’s goals were: a. to identify and define criteria for evaluation of sustainable development of tourism in the Mediterranean coast of Israel, and b. to examine the extent of the applicability of the criteria in a case study - a plan allocating tourism and recreation land uses on the “Carmel” coast.
Based on literature, case studies and interviews with experts, the research defined 15 criteria. These were gathered into four groups: 1. Criteria concerned with the dimension and extent of the impact, 2. Criteria concerned with potential for mitigation, 3. Criteria that ascribe importance to the impact and its significance to decision makers, and 4. Criteria with respect to the affinity between the plan and the coast.
The main conclusions of the research are that the criteria are strongly compatible with environmental evaluation and sustainability. Most of them, examined in the case study, are fully applicable and as such, enable relevant evaluation of the different subjects examined in the case study.
Following the accomplishment of applicability in different researches, the set of criteria can be used as a systematic tool for evaluating plans in the framework of an Environmental Impact Statement in Israel.