טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentTamar Goldberg
SubjectA Trip in the Physical Environment vs. a Trip in the Virtual
Environment as Tools for Teaching Children
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Ms. Sebba Rachel


Abstract

A comparison was conducted between two tools of environmental education:  a trip in nature and a film that documented such trip.  The effects of the trip were examined as opposed to those of the film.  The subjects of this research were 9-10 children, divided to two groups.  One group went on a guided field trip in nature, and the other group watched a video film that documented such trip.  Tests were conducted in order to asses the effects of the trip and the film according to five variables: factual knowledge, identification of elements, visual and environmental memory, spatial orientation, and emotional experience.

The results show that, in the short term, both the trip and the film enable children, at a similar level, to remember factual knowledge not directly related to the physical characteristics of the site.  However, for the long term, the trip has an advantage over the film with respect to memorization of facts.

It was also found that through an actual trip, the levels of perception and memory of facts and environmental characteristics, as well as the levels of identifying elements in photographs, are higher than through watching a film.  Accordingly, the outcomes of learning are better and more effective when the learning is done in an active way, such as by a field trip.  It was also found that a trip enables the acquiring of better spatial orientation, and that it stimulates a stronger emotional experience that has a long term effect on the child.