טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentLeck Eran
SubjectApplying the Transit Oriented Development and Transit
Communities Concepts to the Greater Beer Sheba
Region: An Expert Opinion Survey
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Daniel Gat


Abstract

Two leading planning concepts currently dominating the field of sustainable urban and regional development are the Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Concept and the Transit Communities (TC) Concept. These two distinctive concepts focus on the concentration of urban activities and the incorporation of mixed land-use environments along narrow mass - transit corridors.


A great deal of Israel's regional planning effort is currently concentrated in the Beer Sheba Area. Beer Sheba, the capital of the Negev (Israel's desert region) is the country's fifth largest city, boasting a myriad of impressive cultural, administrative and commercial centers. The Greater Beer Sheba Region is surrounded by seven small new towns, which are poorly connected to each other, and because of their low residential and employment densities, they lack the scale economics necessary for creating producer and consumer amenities.


This study is a preliminary evaluation, examining the appropriateness of implementing the TOD and TC concepts in the Greater Beer Sheba Region. The central concept of this study deals with the creation of a mass transit system in the region, that will intra - connect the northern and central Negev towns to the Greater Beer Sheba Region and inter - connect them to the Tel Aviv metropolis. The main assumption is that implementation of the concepts in the region can promote the development of a large urban agglomeration that fosters scale economics, and can be beneficial in transforming the region into a unified market.


The empirical application chosen to determine the suitability of the concepts to the region is an expert opinion survey. The survey includes 87 professionals, experts in the field of Urban Geography, City Planning, Architecture, Transportation Planning and Urban Economics.