טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentRendlich Sharon
SubjectIntercultural Adjustment of Romanian Legal Foreign
Workers in the Construction Sector in Israel
DepartmentDepartment of Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisor Mr. Gedaliahu Harel (Deceased)


Abstract

World globalization has caused the migrations of many workers between countries and the sojourn of these workers for limited periods of time in the foreign countries.  For the most part foreign workers in the Western countries work in unskilled labor known as the "three D's" labor - dirty, dangerous and difficult.  These jobs are concentrated in the labor-rich branches of work including amongst them the construction branch. In Israel, since the beginning of the nineties, many foreign workers have arrived from various countries, who constitute an alternative to the Palestinian workers from the occupied territories. The increased numbers of these workers since the nineties and until now has been very rapid, therefore the subject of the foreign workers has become a subject for public discussion. The present research discusses the subject of foreign workers orginating from Romania, who live in Israel legally and work in the construction branch. This research focuses on their inter-cultural adjustment to the new situation with which they are faced, based on a working supposition that better adaptation will bring improved performance in the place of work and less frustrations, turnover, crime etc. The research model is based on the research model of Black (1988).  In this research we examined 16 hypotheses, where the independent variables were demographic and occupational variables, organizational variables, environmental variables and the dependent variables were social adjustment, occupational adjustment and instrumental adjustment. This research presents the results of a sample of 199 foreign workers. The above mentioned sample was taken at construction sites and within the framework of the Contractor's Federation. The findings of the research show that 11 of the hypotheses were confirmed, 3 were not confirmed and 2 were only partially confirmed.  The results provide evidence that there are a number of variables that influence inter-cultural adjustment, including - age, place of residence in Rumania, professional experience, previous information that was given to the worker regarding Israel, the manner of employment, the housing conditions, medical treatment, the coping ability of the spouse in Romania without the head of the family.