|M.Sc Student||Mendelson Miron|
|Subject||Planning for Cycling: Spatial and Traffic Planning|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Professor Pnina Plaut|
|Professor Emeritus Daniel Shefer|
In recent years planning for the bicycle has become part of the public agenda. Planning for the bicycle is related to issues of environmental quality and sustainable development, with a consensus among planners, politicians and general public that bicycles constitute a “green” mode of transportation, which does not pollute the environment and contributes to the rider’s fitness (health). One of the major problems in developing facilities for bicycles in Israel is the lack of experience, lack of theoretical and practical knowledge and lack of guidelines for planning for bicycles.
The paper includes two parts: the first part is a literature survey - a study and comparison of various sources that reflect planning policies and design manuals in various countries in Europe, North America, Australia and in Israel. The aim of the paper is to delineate the consensus regarding the planning of paths and lanes for bicycles, and differences in planning principles and guidelines across the various countries. Such analysis will help to improve the theoretical knowledge and the practical ability to implement geometric planning and special traffic arrangements for bicycles. The second part includes an analysis and study of an on going project: a bicycle path project in the city of Tel-Aviv-Jaffa, aimed at examining how the principles found in the first part are being implemented. Special attention is given to analyzing the relation and the accordance between the masterplan for bicycles and the detailed planning, and the way in which detailed design affects the success of the bicycle masterplan for the city of Tel-Aviv-Jaffa.
At this stage, the path network in Tel- Aviv-Jaffa has not been completed yet, and there is a problem of connecting between various sections of the network, as well as along the routes themselves. The reason for the partial implementation of the project stems from the difficulty in constructing bicycle paths within an existing dense urban fabric and the “shadow costs” it entails. Planning for bicycles requires a high level of professional skill and a clear methodology. In the first stage, the planning of the path network has to be rational- to provide connection between origins and destinations. After a road corridor has been chosen for bicycles planning, it is important to analyze the road adjustments for all potential users. There is a need to accommodate traffic changes, crossing junctions, signalized crossings, as well as redesigning road cross-sections. The municipal authority is the natural framework within which the project needs to be implemented. In the reviewed Tel-Aviv-Jaffa project, it is possible to identify the role of the municipal authority combined with public involvement. However, in order to establish a functional and efficient bicycle network in Israel, it is essential to formulate a national policy with regard to resource allocation: land, funds for developing and implementing bicycle projects and for research purposes.