טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentIdit Halperin
SubjectThe Effect of Supervisor Behavior on Subordinate Drinking
Behavior: The Impact of Subordinate Personality
Characteristics
DepartmentDepartment of Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisor Mr. Bamberger Peter


Abstract

Organizational misbehaviors (i.e. substance abuse at the workplace, theft, aggression etc.) are universal phenomena that are significant and costly to the organization. Drawing from the literature on employee misbehavior, we examine the direct effects of negative supervisory behavior (NSB) and the “Big Five” personality traits on one such form of misbehavior, namely problem drinking. 

The research literature regarding the effects of negative supervision on employee behavior suggests that such behaviors may induce two possible reactions: Employee occupational stress and/or employee resistance which in turn may result in organizational misbehaviors such as drinking problems. Consequently, we posited that negative supervisory behavior (NSB) will be correlated positively with the likelihood of an employee reporting a drinking problem. 

Subsequently, we summarize the five personality traits (i.e neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness, extroversion, and openness to experience), their characteristics and their expected relation to drinking behavior .

Finally, we suggest that the influence of the work environment on problem drinking is likely to be moderated by employee personality. The main justification for adopting this approach is the possibility that work-related conditions do not necessarily elicit organizational misbehaviors universally.

Using a multi-level analysis, and based on a sample of over 1400 exempt (blue-collar) workers, we found significant direct effects for both NSB and personality. However the interesting finding of our study is that the effects of negative supervisory behaviors on problem drinking appear to be contingent upon subordinate personality.

We discuss our findings and their practical implications, and recommend further research regarding the interaction of personality and work related risk factors as they relate to employee drinking and other workplace misbehaviors.