|M.Sc Student||Kaimari Muhammad|
|Subject||Place Attachment in Modern and|
Traditional Arab Neighborhoods in Jerusalem
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Mr. Gustavo Mesch|
|Professor Emeritus Naomi Carmon|
This study investigates the socio-cultural context of Place Attachment in traditional and modern residential environments in an Arab city. Place Attachment depicts the emotional linkage of residents to their residential environment. The Systemic Model developed by Kasarda & Janowitz (1974) is used to examine the concept in two neighborhoods in East (Arab) Jerusalem, which differ in their socio-cultural, physical, and geographic characteristics. One is more traditional and the other more modern in their distinctive features.
The research findings reveal that attachment is a function of perceptions and behaviors that depend on the neighborhood social and physical environments. Furthermore, it is found that Place Attachment is correlated with cultural and normative characteristics of the social environment in the neighborhood. Place Attachment is higher in the traditional neighborhood. Moreover, the findings indicate that the level of education is the key individual characteristic that influences perceptions of the local environment.
The findings of the study are congruent with the systemic model, in which Place Attachment is dependent on individuals’ position in the social structure and on stage in the life cycle. But in contrast to the model, Place Attachment was not found to be related to length of residence in the neighborhood. Instead, it was found that the level of education and neighboring relationships enhance attachment.
The results of this study highlight the importance of Place Attachment and its correlates for urban planning. In Arabs cities a culturally oriented approach to planning is suggested. Residential quality is dependent on a reduction of residential density and geographical mobility. In order to enhance population mobility, new educational opportunities and career options are needed. These would ensure continuity and congruency in the cultural life and promote city development.