טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentBerdichevsky Evgenia
SubjectSexual Harassment as a Function of Male Coworkers'
Economic Insecurity and Drinking Behavior:
A multi-Level Analysis
DepartmentDepartment of Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisor Mr. Peter Bamberger


Abstract

Sexual harassment as an organizational phenomenon hurts women mostly and has been experienced by approximately half of them during their working life. Sexual harassment is defined as any verbal or physical behavior directed towards an employee imposingly and against his / her will. These behaviors might create a hostile and harmful working environment for the victims.

The current research focuses on three factors within the work unit - relational demography, the mean economic insecurity among the male colleagues within the units and the male colleagues drinking behavior -  examining whether their presence increase the odds of sexual harassment occurrence as reported by the women of the unit.

The study was conducted by distributing self-report questionnaires to randomly sampled members of seventy work units, who also belonged to seven unions active within multiple organizations in New York State. The total number of the observations in the sample was 1,353. Data analysis was based on hierarchical linear models.

All the study’s hypotheses were supported, although the interesting findings relate to the male characteristic variables, as follows, economic insecurity perception among men colleagues was positively associated with sexual harassment as reported by the women of the unit, and drinking behavior of the male colleagues, as operationalized by the mean level of alcohol consumption and perceived permissiveness of work- based drinking norms, was positively associated with sexual harassment occurrence.

Moreover, drinking behavior variables were found to contribute to the predictive utility of sexual harassment beyond the relational demography dimension.