טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentVeronik Lipkin
SubjectUrbanism Reflected in Film
Study of Urban Design Approaches through the
Analysis of the City Image in Science
Fiction Movies
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Full Professor Aravot Iris


Abstract

A review of numerous science fiction films, from various periods uncovered an intriguing pattern: a negative representation of the futur(istic) city appears in many of the films. 


Following this observation the research compares the imagery of futuristic city in science fiction film with the city image in modern utopian theory and in post modern urban design approaches. This comparison aim is to examine the function of film as a medium of critique on the urban environment.


The research proposes a theoretical model that inspects the way film and urban theories express their criticism of the modern city. It focuses on an individual case study, based on three selected representatives for each of the model objects:

1. Le Corbusier’s modern urbanism theory (1920-30)

2. Fritz Lang's modernist film Metropolis (1926)

3. Postmodern urban design approaches (1960-80).


A tool of comparative analysis was created in the course of this research. It performs a matrix comparison between the representatives and a conjoint group of twelve criteria. An analysis of the findings revealed an evident resemblance between the critique displayed in 'Metropolis' and the critical content expressed in urban design approaches.


This uncovered similitude validates film as a medium of critique, regarding the city and consequently the discipline of urban design. Hence, it establishes the film's potential to participate in the theoretical discourse of urban studies.


However, the multitude of cinematic communication channels makes it complicated to extract the precise meaning of the critique, which is frequently concealed. Therefore, this work recommends further exploring the unique advantages of the film medium.