|M.Sc Thesis||Department of Quality Assurance and Reliability|
|Supervisor:||Assoc. Prof. Segal Yitzhak|
The purpose of this paper is the description and analysis of the requirements for education, training and certification of Registered Nurses in Israel and abroad.
For this purpose a number of the applicable regulatory documents issued in the US and Europe were reviewed.
An additional purpose was comparison of the status in Israel with that in the United States and Great Britain.
The nursing profession is regulated through licensure - the most restrictive form of occupational regulation. Licensing defines the requirements for safe practice and validates if an applicant meets them. The specified scope of practice may only be performed legally by licensed individuals. Regulatory authorities must establish standard of practice, education, knowledge or minimum competency and methods of enforcement with civil and criminal penalties.
Apparently the approach to nursing education and practice regulations in Israel and is similar to that accepted abroad. However three principal differences could be distinguished:
1. While in UK and US the periodic renewal of license is mandatory, in Israel such requirement does not exist at all.
2. In contrast to the exceptionally detailed UK and US main regulatory documents, the Israeli Public Health Order provides only the guidelines.
3. The UK and US regulatory bodies are autonomous organizations acting independently of the National Ministry of Health. They incorporate elected and government appointed healthcare professionals and public representatives.
In Israel the regulatory body is the Ministry of Health. It employs the healthcare professionals in the Nursing Administration only.
There are no public representatives and none of the employees, including the Head of the Nursing Administration, is elected.