טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentAppelman Nizza
SubjectCross Border Passages as Generator for Development and the
Implementation in Israel
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Dr. Anat Gonen
Professor Daniel Czamanski


Abstract

This work deals with the investigation of literature regarding overland border crossings as generators of regional development.  It studies the extent of the impact of border crossings on development opportunities in the fields of economics, tourism, environment and infrastructure with emphasis on events occurring or that may occur in Israel.  In addition, the work investigates the functional integration among various fields and the connection between these various combinations and the scope of regional development at open and closed borders.

Activities taking place at border crossings usually have a simultaneous effect on a number of fields.  Activities occurring at border crossings and their consequences are influenced by proximity to the border, the combination of the types of activities and whether the border is open or closed.

Activities taking place at border crossings can be mapped on the basis of their spheres of influence:

  • Primary circle - the border area itself.
  • Secondary circle - the area neighboring the border.
  • Tertiary circle - the regional and national context.

At closed borders: If activity takes place, it occurs in the primary circle and only occasionally reaches the secondary circle.  In such a case, the activity is restricted to essential fields such as ecology.  The level of cooperation is minimal and only in rare cases does such cooperation constitute a basis for impact on the secondary circle.

At open borders: Activity takes place in all three circles and where the region has greater impact, it has functions and characteristics that are broader and more complex.  In the primary circle, the interaction is among two or three functions.  In the secondary circle, such integration includes infrastructure, environment and tourism.  Activity in the tertiary circle has a regional or national character.

The purpose of this work is to summarize data and information on the impact of border crossings and to form a basis for case studies on the subject of the regional significance of particular border crossings.