|M.Sc Student||Iris Diamant Elzur|
|Subject||Planning for Bicycling:|
Planning Tools to Encourage the Use of Bicycles
as an Alternative to the Use of Private
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Professor Plaut Pnina|
|Professor Emeritus Shefer Daniel|
One of the solutions to the environmental and social problems caused by dependency on the automobile as the main mode of transportation in urban areas is to encourage the use of the bicycle for trips up to 5 kilometers, or even for longer trips, if combined with public transportation.
This paper includes two parts:
1. A critical literature review that studies the different aspects of planning for bicycling, such as: physical, demographic or geometrical parameters relevant for the planning process; review of effective planning policies and tools that have been used in the USA and other countries; methods of research; demand prediction and evaluation in preparing a bicycle plan.
2. Case study analysis of a bicycle plan that was implemented in Irvine, California. Evaluation of the plan and its results is according to the criteria derived from the literature review and by comparisons to the bicycle plan that was implemented in Portland, Oregon.
Irvine is a place with near-optimal conditions for bicycling, such as suitable geographical and weather characteristics. It is a new city that had a bicycle plan incorporated into its general plan. It has very few physical or planning constraints. Around 80% of the proposed infrastructure is already completed, and Irvine’s population has high potential for bicycling. Nevertheless the percentage of bicycling in Irvine is not higher than the national or regional rates. Portland, as opposed to Irvine, has succeeded in raising the percentage of bicycling in the city.
The study examines the various components in the bicycle plans and the planning process that led to this disparity in results.