טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentZiflinger Yulia
SubjectPromoting Social Justice through Urban Regeneration
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Naomi Carmon


Abstract

The research presented three central questions: First, is development IN a (poor) place also development OF that place? Second, from the perspective of social equity, which one of two strategies of urban regeneration is more beneficial to the relatively disadvantaged residents and to the town as a whole? Third, does construction of a prestigious residential area adjacent to a disadvantaged one gradually result in ties and relationships between the residents of the two areas?

The empirical research took place in the town of Or Yehuda in the metropolitan area of Tel Aviv. The town experienced two strategies of regeneration: in the 1980s, Project Renewal, a "second-generation" strategy implemented by the public sector, which directly addressed the social and physical needs of disadvantaged neighborhoods and residents; in the 1990s, construction of a large high-standard neighborhood and employment zone, a "third-generation" strategy undertaken by public-private partnerships, with the aim of directly benefiting its initiators and their clients and indirectly benefiting the poor town and its residents.

The research findings reveal that the public-private development in Or Yehuda generated significant benefits, not only for its new tenants, but also for the long-term residents and for the town as a whole, i.e. the development in the town was also a development of the town. The answer to the second research question is that both strategies benefited the long-term poorer residents of the town and contributed to increased social equity and a broader scope of opportunity, although not in the same way. As for the third question: The proximity of "better-off" and "disadvantaged" groups created regular contacts in schools, community centers and local politics, and also encouraged social ties, especially among children.

The research contributes theoretical insights to the body of knowledge of both urban planning, particularly to the field of equity planning, and urban sociology, particularly to the study of mixed-income housing. Furthermore, its conclusions are useful for planning practice.