טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentBlumenfeld Efrat
SubjectDynamics of Urban Morphology in the Tel-Aviv Metropolitan
Area
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Daniel Czamanski
Professor Emeritus Lucien Ben-Guigui


Abstract

This work introduced an innovative approach to understanding the spatial behavior and structure of cities. Cities are viewed as physical objects characterized by a particular morphology.  Instead of municipalities defined by politically determined boundaries, the units of examination are urban clusters. Clusters are defined as contiguous built-up urban areas.


By means of data that are based on historic maps of the Tel-Aviv metropolis we present cluster statistics and analyses of their dynamics. We present characteristics of the clusters from 1935 to 2000, including their number, area, rank-size distribution, and morphology, among with the area-perimeter relation. We examined the characteristics of the entire metropolis in general and of the biggest cluster specifically. The findings of our analysis present significant anomalies in 1964 and 1985.


In addition, we conducted a historic research that focused on the years 1974 to 1985. During these years, observed changes (e.g. change in the value of area-perimeter relation) were more significant than during the 1960s. We divided the findings of the historic research into two: municipal scale and national scale. .


We suggest that that the development of the Tel Aviv metropolitan morphology can be divided into 3 stages that are associated with socio-economic trends and processes: (1) 1930s - 1960s (2) 1960s - 1980s (3) 1980s - 2000s. During that last period, the number of clusters in Tel Aviv metropolis was steady and the metropolis came to saturation in terms of land availability, i.e. there is no more available land for development in the metropolis.