|Ph.D Student||Narevicius Edvardas|
|Subject||Non Hermitian Quantum Mechanics: Fingerprints of Overlapping|
Resonances in Observable Quantities
|Department||Department of Chemistry||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Nimrod Moiseyev|
A question whether fingerprints of broad overlapping resonances maybe observed in measurable quantities has been raised a long time ago.
There are claims that broad overlapping resonances serve only as a basis set to expand the time evolving initial state of a quantum system. Using the non Hermitian quantum mecganucs we show in this thesis that there are particular physical systems where the contribution of broad overlapping resonances may be seen in the
experimental measurements. For example, under certain conditions of initial state preparation the absorption cross section for the photodissociation of ArHCl van der Waals complex exhibits peak structure associated with broad resonance states.
Another example which illustatres the fact that broad overlapping resonances are observable is the electron scattering from the hydrogen molecule. The experimental H2 vibrational excitation cross sections show a sharp
structure which was associated with H-2 resonance states. However the theoretical calculations have shown that the lifetime of these metastable states is small. The puzzle of how the metastable states with such a short lifetime could be observed in the experiment remained unsolved untill now. In this thesis we show that the sharp structure results from the interference effect between the broad overlapping resonances.
In principle the sharp structures in the hydrogen vibrational excitation can be obtained using the conventional Hermitian quantum mechanics. However the usual Born-Oppenheimer approximation brakes down in this system. Consequently one should take into account both the nuclear and the electronic degrees of freedom in the numerical calculations.
This is impossible task due to the current limitations on the computing power. Within the non Hermitian
quantum mechanics the computational effort is enormously reduced. Two decay channels (vibrational dissociation and electron autoionization) can be included in the calculations by the use of a single complex
electronic potential surface with its complex part proportional to the autoionization rate. We have developed a complex analogue to the Born-Oppenheimer approximation and used it successfully in order to explain
the sharp structures in the excitation cross section.
The problem of a sudden delocalization of the bacteria population in convective media can only be described by the means of non Hermitian diffusion equation. In the full contrast to the previous case the non Hermiticity here is an inherent property. It has been shown by Nelson from Harvard University that the sudden delocalization of the bacteria population happens for the critical value of the convection velocity. We have observed that
in the periodical systems the delocalization is accompanied by the formation of the branch point in the complex eigenvalue plain of the non Hermitian diffusion operator. At this point the corresponding eigenfunctions
become self-orthogonal and the standard deviation of any observable that does not commute with the Hamiltonian diverge.