טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentGabaren Yousef
SubjectCulturally Sustainable Housing.
Case Study: The City of Gaza
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Naomi Carmon


Abstract

The first part of the research used ‘metaphor analysis’ for understanding the theoretical world of sustainable development (SD). This analysis identified eight metaphors: the ethical paradox, the utopia, the natural capital, the time-space-energy compression, the equity, the dichotomy, the management and the absent cultural metaphor. By means of discussing the cultural aspects, missing from the theoretical world of sustainable development, the research coined the term Culturally Sustainable Housing; it was defined as a housing environment that supports a trust environment and decreases perceived risks. In such an environment, the sense of belonging, solidarity, stability, mutuality, and identification with community and place are strong. The aim of the empirical research was to identify the components of the “trust environment” of urban residents and examine its influence on housing preferences. As a case study, Gaza City was selected. 1,269 adult residents of the city were interviewed in their homes in 1999. The research found that the majority of Gaza residents live in a trust environment, and that the extended family, the community and the tradition were the major components of their trust environment. These components explained a significant part of their housing preferences. The research proposes to develop various types of housing according to the components of the local trust environment; to facilitate and encourage self-rehabilitation of neighborhoods, based on community and social capital; and to design and build “flexible apartments” in low-rise and high-rise buildings, apartments which allow households to change them according to their changing needs and preferences.